Ocular albinism is a genetic condition that primarily affects the eyes. This condition reduces the coloring (pigmentation) of the iris, the colored part of the eye that is essential for vision and the retina, which is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. Unlike some other forms of albinism, ocular albinism does not significantly affect the color of the skin and hair. People with this condition may have a somewhat lighter complexion than other members of their family.
Ocular albinism results from the inability of the normal pigment cells in the eyes (especially the iris and the retinal pigment epithelium) to produce normal amounts of pigment and is being passed from parent to child.
A person with ocular albinism will have a rapid movement of the eyes, a muscle imbalance of the eyes in which the eyes are “crossed” rather than straight, is parallel and sensitivity to bright light and will have trouble reading what is on a blackboard, except when the reading material is held very close.
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In some country, the reduced in vision may limit an affected individual’s ability to obtain a driver’s license, because most states require at least 20/70 vision (best corrected with glasses or contact lenses) to obtain at least a daylight-restricted driver’s license.
Ocular albinism can be corrected through surgery, though usually does not result in fine harmonization of eyes. Environmental changes and the use of visual aids. Social and emotional adjustment plays an important role in
the treatment of individual affected with ocular albinism.